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2 edition of Concepts of rationality and the policy process found in the catalog.

Concepts of rationality and the policy process

Gunnel Gustafsson

Concepts of rationality and the policy process

by Gunnel Gustafsson

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Published by [Umea Univerity] in [s.l.] .
Written in English


Edition Notes

Reprinted from "European Journal of Political Research", 1979, Vol.7, pp.415-436.

StatementGunnel Gustafsson, J.J. Richardson.
ContributionsRichardson, J. J. 1942-
ID Numbers
Open LibraryOL13898011M

A concise, accessible introduction to the public policy process that can be read on may levels. The author's direct writing style and extensive use of examples will appeal to students as well as book offers an extensive overview of the best current thinking on the policy process, with an emphasis on accessibility and synthesis rather than novelty or abstraction. The second section discusses the concept of bounded rationality aiming at defining it and at pointing some of its important characteristics. The third section presents the concept of procedural rationality so that, in founth section, we can discuss the relation between these two general concepts of rationality advanced by Simon.

Political science - Political science - Theory of rational choice: The dominant school of thought in political science in the late 20th century was rational choice theory. For rational choice theorists, history and culture are irrelevant to understanding political behaviour; instead, it is sufficient to know the actors’ interests and to assume that they pursue them rationally. Whereas practical rationality involves action, theoretical rationality is a cognitive process and has tended to be the province of intellectuals. Substantive rationality involves value postulates, or clusters of values, that guide people in their daily lives, especially in their choice of means to ends. These clusters.

large part of the policy process—is the most challenging because we know that the policy process is complex and there is no “general theory” (Smith and Lar-imer , 15–19). This prompts us to consider a fundamental question: Given that we must simplify a . The most accessible policy text available. Policy making is a political struggle over values and ideas. By exposing the paradoxes that underlie even seemingly straightforward policy decisions, Policy Paradox shows students that politics cannot be cleansed from the process in favor of “rationality.” Author Deborah Stone has fully revised and updated this popular text, which now includes Reviews:


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Concepts of rationality and the policy process by Gunnel Gustafsson Download PDF EPUB FB2

We suggest that a distinction is made between sector rationality, coordinated rationality and decentralized rationality. We also discuss the nature of policy communities, the degree to which they are becoming overcrowded due to demands for greater (and often unconventional) participation and the problems of achieving both consensus and rationality.

A 'read' is counted each time someone views a publication summary (such as the title, abstract, and list of authors), clicks on a figure, or views or downloads the full-text. Policy decisions should be rational but sometimes they are not.

The same goes for policy advice, according to critics who use the word “rational” in particular ways. The task in this chapter is to build a concise yet nuanced account of rationality in.

concept of procedural rationality (Simon, b), proposed little before he was awarded the Nobel Prize, in To my judgement, procedural rationality has the ability to synthesize very adequately Simon’s view of rationality.

Nevertheless, this second general concept of rationality has nowadays a much less marked pres‑. In this respect, this research is relevant in twofold.

Firstly, to produce an analysis of the policy (Hill, ) to understand the implementation in the particular context of the bilateral. can often take the form of a concept of "general interest", which then helps to determine (Rational Policy) Journal of Public Administration, Finance and Law - Segmented nature of the process of public policy making in large bureaucracies.

• Author Thomas Dye provides brief descriptions of eight analytic models in political science, and explains the potential contribution of each to the study of public policy. • Process model • Institutional model • Rational model • Incremental model.

This book draws on the scientific policy studies approach to develop a basic understanding of and desires on policy issues. In describing and analyzing the policymaking process, the scientific policy studies approach has three basic aims.2 First, its primary goal is to Relevant here is the concept of policy output, or the action.

and implementation; (b) the management of change; (c) the role of interest groups in the policy process; (d) ownership of the policy process; and (e) the narrowing of policy alternatives. The paper concludes with a point check-list of ‘what makes policy happen’. A glossary of key terms is also provided.

PUBLIC POLICY ANALYSIS. Introduction. Chapter three outlined what public administration entails and factors that influenced the crafting of the assessment policy and how it is implemented. This chapter examines policy analysis and selected policy models. Factors that have an influence on policy implementation and the South African.

stages of the policy process may overlap or never happen. Also, this model fails to take the multiple actors attempting the process itself as well as each other, and the complexity this entails. Rational model The rational model of decision-making is a process for making logically sound decisions in.

The concept of rationality, central to any analysis of policy making, is shown to be dual. The qualitative concept of rationality, broadly equivalent to ‘appropriate’ directs the policy analyst to an examination of information flow (since it may be defective), of goals (since these may conflict), and of the momentum of decisions (since it can produce irrationality).

Rational choice theory, also called rational action theory or choice theory, school of thought based on the assumption that individuals choose a course of action that is most in line with their personal al choice theory is used to model human decision making, especially in the context of microeconomics, where it helps economists better understand the behaviour of a society in.

Rationality is the quality or state of being rational – that is, being based on or agreeable to reason. Rationality implies the conformity of one's beliefs with one's reasons to believe, and of one's actions with one's reasons for action.

"Rationality" has different specialized meanings in philosophy, economics, sociology, psychology, evolutionary biology, game theory and political science. Birkland's book is most closely associated with which tradition in policy studies. Politics.

Explain the concept of bounded rationality. • Single: learning about how a policy or process works, and making adjustments to that policy or process without studying or questioning the fundamental assumptions of that policy or process.

Bounded rationality is the idea that rationality is limited, when individuals make decisions, by the tractability of the decision problem, the cognitive limitations of the mind, and the time available to make the decision. Decision-makers, in this view, act as satisficers, seeking a satisfactory solution rather than an optimal ore, humans do not undertake a full cost-benefit analysis.

tionally, public policy textbooks have presented what is known as the “textbook model” or “stages model” of the policy process. The process is shown in Figure This figure serves both as an overview of the process, and, to some extent, the organization for this book.

In this model public problems emerge in a. comprehensive rationality that fails to produce satisfactory scientific predict-ability, and that bounded rationality is a superior mechanism.

It is superior in two respects. It performs better in linking the procedures of human choice with the organizational and policy processes, as. This paper discusses the concept of policy from a general perspective.

It does not focus upon one specific area or program so much as the key elements embedded in the process of policy development. It is intended to support the work of two comprehensive community initiatives – Vibrant Communities and Action for Neighbourhood Change – which.

Mathematical Model of the Electoral Process," American Political Science Review, LXIV (June, ), 2. For an excellent and penetrating analysis of the concept of rationality see: Peter C. Ordeshook, Theory of the Electoral Process (unpublished Ph.D.

disserta-tion, University of Rochester, ), Chapter 1. Also, Fred M. Frohock, The. and for the policy process and knowledge. of. the policy formation and implementation process. He also made early attempts to formulate a ‘stagist’model of the policy process. New applied methods of investigation and analysis for policy processes emerged – government was seen to be able to engineer rational cures to societal ills.Handbook of Public Policy Analysis Theory, Politics, and Methods DDK_Cindd iK_Cindd i /15/ PM1/15/ PM.The negative moral implications are due to the fact that the formal rational model is monistic, limited by the considerations of the organization's utility, and neglects moral values and non-utility values that are related to the employee.

The rational-pluralistic model is based on a revision of the concept of rationality and rational action.